Finished Vehicle Logistics
Digitalising Finished Vehicle distribution. A cooperation between Odette and ECG, the Association of European Vehicle Logistics
Finished vehicle logistics concerns the activities involved in the movement of a vehicle from the time it leaves the OEM production line until it reaches the dealer or final customer. Besides the actual transport of the vehicle, which can be made by road, rail, sea and even air, other important activities include storage, post-production modification, maintenance, repair and pre-delivery inspection.
This is a highly specialised sector of the transportation industry with very specific requirements but while the digitalisation of supply chain processes upstream from the vehicle manufacturers has been underway for many years, the downstream processes have been somewhat overlooked in the drive towards standardisation. Each major player developed their own proprietary solution which posed a serious challenge for logistics service providers and limited the flexibility of OEMs to improve their distribution processes.
In 2019 Odette and ECG, the Association of European Vehicle Logistics, formed an alliance to share experience and develop standards that meet the business requirements of both the OEMs and their service providers in outbound logistics.
A first result of this alliance is a set of UN/EDIFACT and XML messages covering the complete FVL communication process. Published in 2020, this message set is now implemented by several vehicle manufacturers, compound operators and vehicle forwarders. Further projects are now underway to standardise other aspects of Finished Vehicle Logistics.
KPIs for Finished Vehicle Logistics
31 May 2022
Vehicle manufacturers use KPIs to measure the performance of their LSPs but even if there has often been some commonality of purpose, the methods of measurement have not always been the same and standardisation was much needed.
Finished Vehicle Logistics goes digital
15 Sept 2020
A first collaboration between ECG – the Association of European Vehicle Logistics, VDA – Verband der Automobilindustrie and Odette International.
This Odette recommendation describes the processes and methods of tracking and tracing vehicles in the distribution processes from factory to dealer using RFID technology and a smart label. It has been developed to move towards achieving widespread standardisation of RFID component usage, tag data storage and RFID technology implementation across vehicle distribution chains.
This Recommendation covers typical logistics and service processes undertaken in the distribution of finished vehicles between vehicle manufacturers and their dealerships or other end customers. It specifies standard electronic messages for automated data exchange between vehicle manufacturers (or other shippers) and providers of logistic services. These logistics services can include transport, storage, maintenance, repair and any other actions that may be required during the movement of vehicles from the manufacturer to the dealership.
A set of messages associated with this Recommendation has been developed to cover all communication processes currently defined as being required between partners (vehicle shippers and logistics service providers) in the Finished Vehicle distribution chain.
EDI Implementation Guidelines
A suite of 12 EDIFACT messages have been developed jointly by ECG, Odette and VDA to cover the entire outbound logistics processes as described in the Finished Vehicle Logistics Process Description (FV00). The publication also includes example use cases and sample messages for each logistics process.
XML Implementation Guidelines
A suite of 9 XML messages have been developed jointly by ECG, Odette and VDA to cover the entire outbound logistics processes as described in the Finished Vehicle Logistics Process Description (FV00). The publication also includes example use cases and XSD schema files to help users during the implementation of XML messages.
This Code List document is a support for the FVL messages which are used to provide status information related to individual vehicles and to any truck on which they are being transported. It is published separately because it is expected to be more volatile than the specifications of the status report messages themselves.
The status report messages involved are FV09/FV12 (EDIFACT) and FV16/FV17 (XML).
Provides a consolidation of existing and new KPIs for use between OEMs and logistics service providers involved in the transport of the finished vehicles and their interim storage during the transport process.
Includes a definition of 9 indicators (objectives, scope, how to measure) and a description of application and communication conditions.